Thinking of Mohenjodaro by Taufiq Rafat

The profound exploration of this ancient city by Taufiq Rafat in his renowned work, “Thinking of Mohenjodaro,” opens a window into the past, igniting our imagination and inspiring contemplation.

Taufiq Rafat is an Asian Poet. He is the founder of Pakistani-idiom in English. He is a modern poet and used nature imagery in his poetry. The arrival of the monsoon is one of his major works.


This article will take you on a journey to Mohenjodaro, unraveling its mysteries, examining its artistic achievements, and pondering the thoughts expressed by Taufiq Rafat.

Note: Read the summary here.


Explore the civilization’s daily life, art, and urban planning while contemplating the profound musings of Taufiq Rafat.

Table of Contents


Thinking of Mohenjodaro by Taufiq Rafat: Unveiling the Ancient City’s Mysteries

Taufiq Rafat’s poem, “Thinking of Mohenjodaro,” delves deep into the artist’s contemplation of the ancient city’s existence, heritage, and passage of time.

Through his words, Rafat paints vivid imagery, evoking a sense of wonder and mystery surrounding Mohenjodaro. The poem transports readers to the bustling streets, the magnificent structures, and the enigmatic symbols that lay hidden beneath layers of history.


The Enigmatic Tale of Mohenjodaro

Urban Planning and Advanced Architecture

One of the remarkable aspects of Mohenjodaro is its urban planning. The city was divided into distinct sectors, with well-laid-out streets, sophisticated drainage systems, and multi-story buildings.

The Great Bath, an exceptional feat of engineering, exemplifies the advanced architectural skills of civilization.

Life in Mohenjodaro: A Glimpse of the Past

Rafat’s introspective verses provide us with a glimpse into the daily lives of the inhabitants of Mohenjodaro. The poem offers poignant insights into their social structures, trades, and cultural practices.

Through vivid imagery and descriptive language, the reader is transported back in time, witnessing the bustling streets, vibrant markets, and communal gathering spaces.

Daily Life and Social Structure

The ancient inhabitants of Mohenjodaro led a vibrant and organized life. The city’s layout suggests a well-structured society, with evidence of social hierarchies. The residential buildings ranged from small houses to larger, more elaborate structures, providing insight into the varying socio-economic classes that existed within the community.

Trade and Economy: Thinking of Mohenjodaro by Taufiq Rafat

Mohenjodaro was a thriving hub of trade, serving as a major center for commerce and the exchange of goods. Excavations have unearthed evidence of trade networks that extended beyond the Indus Valley, indicating the city’s economic significance in the region.

The Artistic Marvels of Mohenjodaro       

The Magnificence of Mohenjodaro’s Architecture

Within the poem, Rafat beautifully describes the architectural wonders of Mohenjodaro. The city’s layout, characterized by meticulously planned streets, complex drainage systems, and remarkable buildings, captivates the reader’s imagination.

The poem’s verses transport us to an era where the artistry and engineering prowess of ancient civilizations were on full display.

Mesmerizing Pottery and Ornaments

The artisans of Mohenjodaro were skilled in creating exquisite pottery and ornaments. Intricately designed vessels, figurines, and jewelry showcase their creativity and attention to detail.

The artistry of these artifacts provides valuable insights into the aesthetic sensibilities of the civilization.

Intricate Seals and Engravings: Thinking of Mohenjodaro by Taufiq Rafat

Another remarkable aspect of Mohenjodaro’s artistic heritage lies in its seals. These seals, made of steatite, depict various animals, mythical creatures, and human figures.

They not only served as markers of ownership and identity but also indicate a form of script or proto-writing system used during that time.

Taufiq Rafat’s Reflections on Mohenjodaro

Exploring the Poetry Collection

Taufiq Rafat’s collection of poems, “Thinking of Mohenjodaro,” invites readers to embark on a contemplative journey.

His verses resonate with the essence of the ancient city, raising existential questions, and provoking thoughts about the transience of human existence and the indelible mark left by civilizations long gone.

The Enigmatic Script of Mohenjodaro

One of the enduring mysteries of Mohenjodaro lies in its unique script, yet to be fully deciphered by modern scholars. Rafat’s poem acknowledges this enigma, weaving it into the tapestry of his words.

The ancient script, etched onto seals and pottery fragments, continues to fascinate archaeologists and linguists, beckoning them to unravel its secrets.

Religion and Spirituality: Unveiling Mohenjodaro’s Beliefs

Spirituality and religious beliefs held a significant place in the lives of Mohenjodaro’s inhabitants. Rafat’s poem pays homage to their reverence for divine forces and the rituals they performed.

Through his verses, he captures the essence of their spiritual connection with the cosmos and invites readers to contemplate the profound mysteries of faith.

Conclusion: The Enduring Legacy of Mohenjodaro

Thinking of Mohenjodaro by Taufiq Rafat serves as a remarkable literary exploration of an ancient city that continues to captivate our imagination.

Mohenjodaro’s enigmatic tale, vibrant daily life, artistic marvels, and profound reflections by Rafat remind us of the richness of our collective human history.

We can link with the past, expect the passage of time, and reserve the irreplaceable heritage left behind by the civilizations that preceded us through poetry and archeological discoveries.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is the author of “Thinking of Mohenjodaro”?

Taufiq Rafat is the author of the evocative poem “Thinking of Mohenjodaro.” His words invite readers to explore the wonders of this ancient city and reflect upon its significance.

What does Taufiq Rafat’s poem “Thinking of Mohenjodaro” symbolize?

Taufiq Rafat’s poem is a reflection on the ancient city of Mohenjodaro, symbolizing the ephemeral nature of human existence and the enduring legacy of past civilizations.

Are there any specific historical events referenced in the poem?

While the poem does not explicitly reference specific historical events, it captures the essence of Mohenjodaro’s rise, fall, and the mysteries that surround its ancient civilization.

How accurate are Taufiq Rafat’s reflections on Mohenjodaro?

Taufiq Rafat’s reflections offer a poetic interpretation rather than a historical account. They capture the spirit and intrigue of Mohenjodaro while leaving room for individual interpretation.

Can Taufiq Rafat’s poetry help us understand the daily life of Mohenjodaro?

Taufiq Rafat’s poetry offers insights into the emotional and philosophical dimensions of Mohenjodaro rather than providing a comprehensive understanding of its daily life. Historical and archeological research provide more concrete information in that regard.

What impact did Mohenjodaro have on subsequent civilizations?

Mohenjodaro’s urban planning, advanced architecture, and artistic achievements are believed to have influenced subsequent civilizations in the Indian subcontinent, leaving an enduring legacy in terms of city planning, construction techniques, and artistic traditions.

Where can I find more of Taufiq Rafat’s works?

Taufiq Rafat’s works, including “Thinking of Mohenjodaro,” can be found in his poetry collections, online poetry platforms, or in local bookstores.

What is the significance of Mohenjodaro in history?

Mohenjodaro holds immense historical significance as one of the most prominent cities of the Indus Valley Civilization. It provides insights into the complex urban planning, advanced drainage systems, and rich cultural heritage of this ancient civilization.

What can we learn about life in Mohenjodaro from the poem?

The poem offers glimpses into the daily life, societal structure, and cultural practices of Mohenjodaro’s inhabitants. Through vivid imagery and poetic language, readers can envision the bustling streets and communal spaces of this ancient city.

How does “Thinking of Mohenjodaro” evoke a sense of wonder?**

Through evocative imagery and introspective musings, the poem transports readers to the ancient city, invoking a sense of wonder and curiosity about the lives lived and lost in Mohenjodaro.

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